Press Release

Couchbase Announces Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2024 Financial Results

Santa Clara, Calif., – March 5, 2024Couchbase, Inc. (NASDAQ: BASE), the cloud database platform company, today announced financial results for its fourth quarter and fiscal year ended January 31, 2024.

“We finished fiscal 2024 on a strong note, highlighted by 25% ARR growth, and marking a historical year for Couchbase,” said Matt Cain, Chair, President and CEO of Couchbase. “In addition to delivering results that exceeded the high end of our guidance range on all metrics, we achieved an important milestone with Capella, which now represents 11% of our ARR and over 25% of our customer base. As we look ahead towards fiscal 2025, I’m confident that we have the differentiated platform and operational rigor to achieve our next phase of growth.”

Fourth Quarter Fiscal 2024 Financial Highlights

  • Revenue: Total revenue for the quarter was $50.1 million, an increase of 20% year-over-year. Subscription revenue for the quarter was $48.1 million, an increase of 26% year-over-year.
  • Annual recurring revenue (ARR): Total ARR as of January 31, 2024 was $204.2 million, an increase of 25% year-over-year as reported and on a constant currency basis. See the section titled “Key Business Metrics” below for details.
  • Gross margin: Gross margin for the quarter was 89.7%, compared to 85.7% for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023. Non-GAAP gross margin for the quarter was 90.4%, compared to 86.3% for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023. See the section titled “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” and the tables titled “Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results” below for details.
  • Loss from operations: Loss from operations for the quarter was $22.6 million, compared to $18.5 million for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023. Non-GAAP operating loss for the quarter was $4.1 million, compared to $9.9 million for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023.
  • Cash flow: Cash flow used in operating activities for the quarter was $6.5 million, compared to $10.2 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023. Capital expenditures were $1.3 million during the quarter, leading to negative free cash flow of $7.7 million, compared to negative free cash flow of $11.8 million in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023.
  • Remaining performance obligations (RPO): RPO as of January 31, 2024 was $241.8 million, an increase of 46% year-over-year.

Full Year Fiscal 2024 Financial Highlights

  • Revenue: Total revenue for the year was $180.0 million, an increase of 16% year-over-year. Subscription revenue for the year was $171.6 million, an increase of 20% year-over-year.
  • Gross margin: Gross margin for the year was 87.7%, compared to 86.9% for fiscal 2023. Non-GAAP gross margin for the year was 88.5%, compared to 87.6% for fiscal 2023.
  • Loss from operations: Loss from operations for the year was $84.5 million, compared to $69.3 million for fiscal 2023. Non-GAAP operating loss for the year was $31.3 million, compared to $41.3 million for fiscal 2023.
  • Cash flow: Cash flows used in operating activities for the year were $26.9 million, compared to $41.2 million in fiscal 2023. Capital expenditures were $4.7 million during the year, leading to negative free cash flow of $31.6 million, compared to negative free cash flow of $46.8 million in fiscal 2023.

Recent Business Highlights

  • Announced vector search as a new feature in Couchbase Capella™ and Couchbase Server to help businesses bring to market a new class of AI-powered adaptive applications that engage users in a hyper-personalized and contextualized way. Couchbase is the first database company to announce it will offer vector search optimized for running onsite, across clouds and to mobile and IoT devices at the edge, paving the way for organizations to run adaptive applications anywhere, including offline.
  • Announced it is extending its AI partner ecosystem with LangChain and LlamaIndex support to further boost developer productivity. The integration with LangChain enables a common API interface to converse with a broad library of large language models (LLMs). Similarly, the integration with LlamaIndex will provide developers with even more choices for LLMs when building adaptive applications. These ecosystem integrations will accelerate query prompt assembly, improve response validation and facilitate retrieval-augmented generation (RAG)
  • Announced new enterprise features, including new file-based index rebalancing, reducing times by up to 80%, one-step upgrade from Couchstore to Magma storage engine without stopping the front-end workloads, faster failover times and query simplification. Couchbase continues to invest at a rapid pace to enhance its platform with new enterprise and developer features.
  • Announced the general availability of Capella iQ, a co-pilot for coding. Capella iQ allows developers to interact with Couchbase Capella using natural language conversation, making database interactions more intuitive, efficient and accessible.
  • Couchbase Capella was named Best Cloud Data Management Solution at the 2023-2024 Cloud Awards for its performance, versatility and community.

Financial Outlook

For the first quarter and full year of fiscal 2025, Couchbase expects:

Q1 FY2025 Outlook FY2025 Outlook
Total Revenue $48.1-48.9 million $203.0-207.0 million
Total ARR $206.5-209.5 million $235.5-240.5 million
Non-GAAP Operating Loss $8.5-7.5 million $27.5-22.5 million

 

The guidance provided above is based on several assumptions that are subject to change and many of which are outside our control. If actual results vary from these assumptions, our expectations may change. There can be no assurance that we will achieve these results.

Couchbase is not able, at this time, to provide GAAP targets for operating loss for the first quarter or full year of fiscal 2025 because of the difficulty of estimating certain items excluded from non-GAAP operating loss that cannot be reasonably predicted, such as charges related to stock-based compensation expense. The effect of these excluded items may be significant.

Conference Call Information

Couchbase will host a live webcast at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time (or 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time) on Tuesday, March 5, 2024, to discuss its financial results and business highlights. The conference call can be accessed by dialing 877-407-8029 from the United States, or +1 201-689-8029 from international locations. The live webcast and a webcast replay can be accessed from the investor relations page of Couchbase’s website at investors.couchbase.com.

About Couchbase

Modern customer experiences need a flexible database platform that can power applications spanning from cloud to edge and everything in between. Couchbase’s mission is to simplify how developers and architects develop, deploy and run modern applications wherever they are. We have reimagined the database with our fast, flexible and affordable cloud database platform Couchbase Capella, allowing organizations to quickly build applications that deliver premium experiences to their customers – all with best-in-class price performance. More than 30% of the Fortune 100 trust Couchbase to power their modern applications. For more information, visit www.couchbase.com and follow us on X (formerly Twitter) @couchbase.

Couchbase has used, and intends to continue using, its investor relations website and the corporate blog at blog.couchbase.com to disclose material non-public information and to comply with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Accordingly, you should monitor our investor relations website and the corporate blog in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts.

 

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to our financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, we believe certain non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors in evaluating our operating performance. We use certain non-GAAP financial measures, collectively, to evaluate our ongoing operations and for internal planning and forecasting purposes. We believe that non-GAAP financial measures, when taken together with the corresponding GAAP financial measures, may be helpful to investors because they provide consistency and comparability with past financial performance and meaningful supplemental information regarding our performance by excluding certain items that may not be indicative of our business, results of operations or outlook. Non-GAAP financial measures are presented for supplemental informational purposes only, have limitations as analytical tools and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information presented in accordance with GAAP, and may be different from similarly-titled non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies. In addition, other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate similarly-titled non-GAAP financial measures differently or may use other measures to evaluate their performance, all of which could reduce the usefulness of our non-GAAP financial measures as tools for comparison. Investors are encouraged to review the related GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures (provided in the financial statement tables included in this press release), and not to rely on any single financial measure to evaluate our business.

Non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP gross margin, non-GAAP operating loss, non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net loss and non-GAAP net loss per share: We define these non-GAAP financial measures as their respective GAAP measures, excluding expenses related to stock-based compensation expense, employer payroll taxes on employee stock transactions, restructuring charges and impairment of capitalized internal-use software. We use these non-GAAP financial measures in conjunction with GAAP measures to assess our performance, including in the preparation of our annual operating budget and quarterly forecasts, to evaluate the effectiveness of our business strategies and to communicate with our board of directors concerning our financial performance.

Beginning with the fourth quarter of fiscal 2024, we have excluded the impairment of capitalized internal-use software, a non-cash operating expense, from our non-GAAP results as it is not reflective of ongoing operating results. This impairment charge relates to certain previously capitalized internal-use software that we determined would no longer be placed into service. Prior period non-GAAP financial measures have not been adjusted to reflect this change as we did not incur impairment of capitalized internal-use software in any prior period presented.

Free cash flow: We define free cash flow as cash used in operating activities less additions to property and equipment, which includes capitalized internal-use software costs. We believe free cash flow is a useful indicator of liquidity that provides our management, board of directors and investors with information about our future ability to generate or use cash to enhance the strength of our balance sheet and further invest in our business and pursue potential strategic initiatives.

Please see the reconciliation tables at the end of this press release for the reconciliation of GAAP and non-GAAP results.

 

Key Business Metrics

We review a number of operating and financial metrics, including ARR, to evaluate our business, measure our performance, identify trends affecting our business, formulate business plans and make strategic decisions.

We define ARR as of a given date as the annualized recurring revenue that we would contractually receive from our customers in the month ending 12 months following such date. Based on historical experience with customers, we assume all contracts will be automatically renewed at the same levels unless we receive notification of non-renewal and are no longer in negotiations prior to the measurement date. ARR also includes revenue from consumption-based cloud credits of Couchbase Capella products. ARR for Couchbase Capella products in a customer’s initial year is calculated as described above; after a customer’s initial year it is calculated by annualizing the prior 90 days of actual consumption, assuming no increases or reductions in usage. ARR excludes revenue derived from the use of cloud products only based on on-demand arrangements and services revenue. ARR should be viewed independently of revenue, and does not represent our revenue under GAAP on an annualized basis, as it is an operating metric that can be impacted by contract start and end dates and renewal dates. ARR is not intended to be a replacement for forecasts of revenue. Although we seek to increase ARR as part of our strategy of targeting large enterprise customers, this metric may fluctuate from period to period based on our ability to acquire new customers and expand within our existing customers. We believe that our ARR is an important indicator of the growth and performance of our business.

We also attempt to represent the changes in the underlying business operations by eliminating fluctuations caused by changes in foreign currency exchange rates within the current period. We calculate constant currency growth rates by applying the applicable prior period exchange rates to current period results.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that are based on management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to management. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, quotations of management, the section titled “Financial Outlook” above and statements about Couchbase’s market position, strategies and potential market opportunities. Forward-looking statements generally relate to future events or our future financial or operating performance. Forward-looking statements include all statements that are not historical facts and, in some cases, can be identified by terms such as “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “potential,” “remain,” “may,” “might,” “will,” “would” or similar expressions and the negatives of those terms. However, not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, including factors beyond our control, which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. These risks include, but are not limited to: our history of net losses and ability to achieve or maintain profitability in the future; our ability to continue to grow on pace with historical rates; our ability to manage our growth effectively; intense competition and our ability to compete effectively; cost-effectively acquiring new customers or obtaining renewals, upgrades or expansions from our existing customers; the market for our products and services being relatively new and evolving, and our future success depending on the growth and expansion of this market; our ability to innovate in response to changing customer needs, new technologies or other market requirements, including new capabilities, programs and partnerships and their impact on our customers and our business; our limited operating history, which makes it difficult to predict our future results of operations; the significant fluctuation of our future results of operations and ability to meet the expectations of analysts or investors; our significant reliance on revenue from subscriptions, which may decline and, the recognition of a significant portion of revenue from subscriptions over the term of the relevant subscription period, which means downturns or upturns in sales are not immediately reflected in full in our results of operations; and the impact of geopolitical and macroeconomic factors. Further information on risks that could cause actual results to differ materially from forecasted results are included in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission that we may file from time to time, including those more fully described in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended October 31, 2023. Additional information will be made available in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2024 that will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which should be read in conjunction with this press release and the financial results included herein. Any forward-looking statements contained in this press release are based on assumptions that we believe to be reasonable as of this date. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements, or to update the reasons if actual results differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements.

Investor Contact:

Edward Parker

ICR for Couchbase

IR@couchbase.com

Media Contact:

Michelle Lazzar

Couchbase Communications

CouchbasePR@couchbase.com

 

Couchbase, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except per share data)
(unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended January 31, Year Ended January 31,
2024 2023 2024 2023
   Revenue:
      License $            7,196 $           4,977 $          21,514 $          19,885
      Support and other 40,865 33,158 150,040 123,010
        Total subscription revenue 48,061 38,135 171,554 142,895
         Services 2,028 3,488 8,483 11,929
         Total revenue 50,089 41,623 180,037 154,824
   Cost of revenue:
      Subscription(1) 3,580 3,214 14,647 10,762
      Services(1) 1,560 2,738 7,435 9,497
         Total cost of revenue 5,140 5,952 22,082 20,259
         Gross profit 44,949 35,671 157,955 134,565
   Operating expenses:   
      Research and development(1) 16,491 15,000 64,069 57,760
      Sales and marketing(1) 34,055 29,303 130,558 111,067
      General and administrative(1) 11,840 8,207 42,663 33,390
      Impairment of capitalized internal-use software 5,156 5,156
      Restructuring(1)